Music Subjects

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Introductory
21M.011 Introduction to Western Music, CI-H

Prereq: None 
Units: 4-0-8
HASS-A, CI-H

2 hrs/wk synchronous recitation; 1.5 hrs/wk asynchronous lecture

Provides a broad overview of Western music from the Middle Ages to the 21st century, with emphasis on late baroque, classical, romantic, and modernist styles. Designed to enhance the musical experience by developing listening skills and an understanding of diverse forms and genres. Major composers and works placed in social and cultural contexts. Weekly lectures feature demonstrations by professional performers and introduce topics to be discussed in sections. Enrollment limited. 

21M.013 The Supernatural in Music, Literature and Culture, CI-H Charles

(Same subject as 21L.013[J]) 
Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-9, HASS-A, CI-H

Explores the relationship between music and the supernatural, focusing on the social history and context of supernatural beliefs as reflected in key literary and musical works from 1600 to the present. Provides an understanding of the place of ambiguity and the role of interpretation in culture, science and art. Explores great works of art by Shakespeare, Verdi, Goethe (in translation), Gounod, Henry James and Benjamin Britten. Readings also include selections from the most recent scholarship on magic and the supernatural. Writing assignments range from web-based projects to analytic essays. No previous experience in music is necessary. Projected guest lectures, musical performances, field trips. Limited to 36.

21M.030 Introduction to World Music, CI-H

Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A, CI-H

3 hrs/wk synchronous lecture

An introduction to diverse musical traditions of the world. Music from a wide range of geographical areas is studied in terms of structure, performance practice, social use, aesthetics, and cross-cultural contact. Includes hands-on music making, live demonstrations by guest artists, and ethnographic research projects. Enrollment limited by lottery.

21M.051 Fundamentals of Music

Prereq: None 
Units: 3-2-7 

HASS-A

80 min/wk synchronous lecture; 80 min/wk asynchronous lecture

Introduces students to the rudiments of music through oral, aural, and written practice utilizing rhythm, melody, intervals, scales, chords, and musical notation. Individual skills are addressed through a variety of approaches, including through required online keyboard and sight-singing labs. Intended for students with little to no prior experience reading music or performing. Not open to students who have completed 21M.151, 21M.301, or are participating in a performance ensemble where written music is employed. Limited to 20 per section by lottery.

21M.053 Rhythms of the World

Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A

Experiential, fully-embodied exploration into the fundamentals of music through the lens of largely non-Western, aural music cultures. From Bali to Ghana, Cuba to India, Zimbabwe to Andalucía, students think about, talk about, and make music in new ways. Examines some of the basic concepts of music - structure, melody-making, meter, rhythm, movement, etc. - studying their diverse incarnations in different music cultures and encouraging a breadth of perspective and engagement. Introduces students to many different musical practices, engaging with them through active music-making, in-depth discussion, listening and analysis, and creative composition. No musical experience required. Limited to 18. 

21M.053 Rhythms of the World

Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A

3 hrs/wk synchronous lecture

Experiential, fully-embodied exploration into the fundamentals of music through the lens of largely non-Western, aural music cultures. From Bali to Ghana, Cuba to India, Zimbabwe to Andalucía, and through popular musics across the world, students think about, talk about, and make music in new ways. Examines some of the basic concepts of music – structure, melody-making, meter, rhythm, texture, movement, etc. – studying their diverse incarnations in different music cultures and encouraging a breadth of perspective and engagement. Introduces students to many different musical practices, engaging with them through active music-making, in-depth discussion, listening and analysis, and creative and collaborative composition. No musical experience required. Limited to 18. 3 hours per week. Class sessions will be largely synchronous, with the possibility of asynchronous lecture replacing up to 1 hour of synchronous class time in any given week.

21M.065 Introduction to Musical Composition

Prereq: Permission of instructor
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A

3 hrs/wk synchronous lecture

This introductory course consists of a series of guided composition projects, in a diverse range of styles based on student interest and experience.  In addition to acquiring and/or improving compositional tools and skills, we will focus on various aspects of the musical experience – material, structure, sound, modality (melodic and rhythmic), counterpoint, creativity and expression – as composers, performers, and listeners. We will also examine composition as a human endeavor: the subjective experience through various composer’s own words and work, and the interpersonal experience through listening to/playing each other’s pieces and discussing each other’s works.

For Sp21 extra attention will be paid to making music during social distancing: using music/audio software (DAWS such as Audacity, GarageBand, MuseScore and other), home and remote recording, etc. 

No compositional experience required; familiarity with standard music notation strongly encouraged.  Limited to 18 students.

21M.065 Introduction to Music Composition

Prereq: Permission of instructor
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A

A study of music composition based stylistically on student interest, this course develops the skills required to create music in live performance. In Fall 2020, in the first half, students will first learn basic ideas of harmony, melody and word setting that will culminate in a song. In the second half, an exploration of more advanced techniques will lead to an instrumental work. Project based, the class consists of both lectures and workshops where students comment on each other’s work. Basic music reading skills required. Weekly listening and composition assignments. Access to midi based music software is required. Limited to 18.

21M.080 Introduction to Music Technology

Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A

Investigates how technology is used in the analysis, modeling, synthesis and composition of music, and its contribution to the artistic production practice. With an eye towards historical context as well as modern usage, topics include the physics of sound, digital representations of music, the Digital Audio Workstation (DAW), analog and digital synthesis techniques, MIDI and sequencing, electronic instrument design, notation software, generative music systems, and computational analysis of music. Weekly assignments focus on both theory and practice, requiring technical proficiency, creative output, and aesthetic consideration. Enrollment limited. 

Samplings
21M.121 Tuning Systems and Temperament Teresa

First half of term 
Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 2-0-4 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Surveys selected tunings of the scale, including Pythagorean, just intonation, mean-tone, and equal temperaments, as well as non-Western systems and the impact of tunings and temperaments on musical composition and performance. Projects based on live demonstration and on reading and listening assignments.

21M.128 Moments in Music: Music for Animated Film 1 - 1st Half of Term

Prereq: Permission of instructor.
Units: 2-0-4
This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

3 hrs/wk synchronous lecture.

Designed as an introduction to music for American and European animated films of the silent and early sound eras (ca. 1920-1960).  Closest attention first to classic Hollywood studio shorts produced by Disney, Warner Bros., MGM, and UPA, then to feature-length films, including The Adventures of Prince Achmed, Snow White, and Bambi. Leading composers considered include Stalling, Bradley, Kubik, and Disney’s roster. Study will range over technological and esthetic (interpretative) approaches, as well as cultural issues (including racial and ethnic stereotypes). Required work: brief analytic and personal reports on film and sound track segments; a team project on one feature film; and one paper (1500 words) on a topic to be determined in consultation with the instructor. Enrollment capped at 25.

21M.129 Moments in Music: Music for Animated Film 2 - 2nd Half of Term

Prereq: Permission of instructor.
Units: 2-0-4
This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

3 hrs/wk synchronous lecture.

Continuation of approaches introduced in 21M.128, but with branching out to anime along with key recent features from America, Japan, and elsewhere. Principal focus on works from Disney, Pixar, and Ghibli Studios. Leading composers to be considered include Hisaishi, Elfman, R. & T. Newman, Giacchino, and Powell. NOTE: May be taken separately from 21M.128, but if over-enrolled, preference will be given to students who took the previous class.

21M.129 Beethoven the Classicist - 1st Half of Term Teresa
21M.129 The Film Music of John Williams Martin

First half of semester
Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 2-0-4 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Examines a particular moment in music history, an era, style, or even the composition of a major work through analysis and cultural context. Goes into further depth on a particular topic than would be possible in a longer survey. Periods and topics vary. Examples include minimalism, The Beatles, A Cappella, or The Lion King. May be repeated once for credit if content differs. Enrollment limited.

Fall 2019 1st Half of Semester Topic: The Film Music of John Williams

No other living film composer has had greater success than John Williams. Active from the mid‑1960s to the present (though he has now announced his retirement), his credits include more than 150 films, out of which came numerous “iconic” themes and best-selling albums, with enormous crossover appeal. Well-known is his life-long partnership with director Stephen Spielberg, but Williams has also worked on films by several other leading directors in Hollywood, showing acute understanding of what each film “required” in musical terms.

What exactly is “the Williams style”? To address this question, students will learn to approach film music analysis in depth through an introductory unit. Then we will explore his methods of manipulating musical motifs, his innovative take on “Hollywood harmony,” his ability to combine classical and popular modes of orchestration, and his astonishing sensitivity to a film’s subtexts. Broader cultural issues to be considered concern the commodification and trans-media versions of his music, the technical challenges ensuing from the changeover from celluloid and tape to digital media and synthesis, and Williams’s iconic stature as a conductor and promoter of film and concert music. Required work will include brief analytic and personal reports based on viewing and listening to short segments from films and sound tracks, one comparative paper about two contrasting scores overall, and a team project on a topic to be determined. 

21M.138 Moments in Music: Composing Ragtime - 1st Half of Term

First half of semester
Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 2-0-4 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Practice in a particular compositional technique not normally covered in the Harmony and Counterpoint or Musical Composition sequences. Possible topics include Renaissance counterpoint, fugue, ragtime, or indeterminacy. May be repeated once for credit if content differs. Enrollment limited. 

Fall 2021 1st Half of Semester Topic: Composing Ragtime
An intensive study, and close reading of selected work from the Ragtime piano repertoire of the early 20th century, will inform and provide a framework for the composition of a new piano Rag. Special emphasis will be placed on the beloved masterpieces of African-American composer Scott Joplin. Experience playing the piano, as well as a basic familiarity with the principles of music theory will provide the student with a secure foundation in this subject. The class will culminate with a public performance of student compositions. Enrolment limited.

21M.139 Composing Ragtime - 1st Half of Term Charles

First half of semester
Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 2-0-4 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Practice in a particular compositional technique not normally covered in the Harmony and Counterpoint or Musical Composition sequences. Possible topics include Renaissance counterpoint, fugue, ragtime, or indeterminacy. May be repeated once for credit if content differs. Enrollment limited. 

Spring 2020 1st Half of Semester Topic: Composing Ragtime
An intensive study, and close reading of selected work from the Ragtime piano repertoire of the early 20th century, will inform and provide a framework for the composition of a new piano Rag. Special emphasis will be placed on the beloved masterpieces of African-American composer Scott Joplin. Experience playing the piano, as well as a basic familiarity with the principles of music theory will provide the student with a secure foundation in this subject. The class will culminate with a public performance of student compositions. Enrolment limited.

21M.139 Composing Ragtime Charles

First half of semester
Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 2-0-4 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Practice in a particular compositional technique not normally covered in the Harmony and Counterpoint or Musical Composition sequences. Possible topics include Renaissance counterpoint, fugue, ragtime, or indeterminacy. May be repeated once for credit if content differs. Enrollment limited. 

Fall 2019 1st Half of Semester Topic: Composing Ragtime
An intensive study, and close reading of selected work from the Ragtime piano repertoire of the early 20th century, will inform and provide a framework for the composition of a new piano Rag. Special emphasis will be placed on the beloved masterpieces of African-American composer Scott Joplin. Experience playing the piano, as well as a basic familiarity with the principles of music theory will provide the student with a secure foundation in this subject. The class will culminate with a public performance of student compositions. Enrolment limited.

21M.151 Introductory Music Theory - 1st Half of Term Nathan

Offered the 1st half of semester. 
Prereq: Permission of instructor​
1-1-4

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Introduction to theoretical elements of music for students who need preparation in the fundamentals of music theory prior to taking 21M.301. Requires ability to read notation in at least one clef. Covers many of the same topics as 21M.051 but at a faster pace. Coverage includes intervals, triads, major and minor keys, basic musical analysis over a variety of idioms in Western music. Also emphasizes developing the ear, voice, and keyboard skills. Ability to read music required. Not open to students who have completed 21M.051, 21M.301 or 21M.302. Limited to 20 per section by lottery.

21M.158 Moments in Music: Composing in the Galant Style - 1st Half of Term

Prereq: 21m.301 is required.  Students who have taken 21m.302, 303, or 304 will be able to make use of additional skills in analysis and composition assignments.
Units: 2-0-4
This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

3 hrs/wk synchronous lecture.

Many eighteenth-century composers were trained in the partimento tradition, in which their composition teachers set them increasingly difficult melodies to harmonize at the keyboard following a series of rules set by the teacher. This pedagogical tradition was incredibly effective: student composers were quickly able to compose and even improvise complex music following these patterns. In this subject, we will explore these patterns with a contemporary lens, analyzing the ways in which partimento patterns have become markers of the eighteenth century “galant style” but extend into many tonal traditions, creating particular expectations that composers can exploit for dramatic effect. We will analyze several works from a variety of eras and musical styles and write our own music that employs these patterns strategically. 21m.301 is a pre-requisite.

21M.159 Moments in Music: Theory and Analysis

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 2-0-4 
This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Specific musical compositions or topics in music theory will provide the basis for analysis and close reading. Topics vary. Examples include a Bach Cantana, a Beethoven Quartet, Pierrot Lunaire, or cross-cultural musical analysis. May be repeated once for credit if content differs. Enrollment limited.

21M.159 Beethoven the Romantic - 2nd Half of Term Teresa
21M.159 Animated Film Music Martin

Second half of semester 
Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 2-0-4 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Examines a particular moment in music history, an era, style, or even the composition of a major work through analysis and cultural context. Goes into further depth on a particular topic than would be possible in a longer survey. Periods and topics vary. Examples include minimalism, The Beatles, A Cappella, or The Lion King. May be repeated once for credit if content differs. Enrollment limited.

Fall 2019 2nd Half of Semester Topic: Music for Animated Films
After a brief survey of music for American animated films going back to the classic studio shorts and scores produced by Disney, Warner Brothers, MGM, and UPA, this half-term subject will focus on case studies of scores for feature-length animated films from three studios: Disney (e.g., Pinocchio, Bambi, and/or Beauty and the Beast), Ghibli (e.g., Princess Mononoke, Spirited Away, or My Neighbor Totoro) and Pixar (e.g., Up, Inside Out, Wall-E, or The Incredibles). As with the prior subject, methods of analysis will be taught through samplings of many different films, before we delve into a few films and scores as wholes. The particular technical and esthetic requirements of music for animated films will be given close attention.

Students are welcome to take this subject independently of the Williams study; but those who take both will get a broader understanding of the esthetic possibilities and cultural impact of film music overall.

 

History/Culture
21M.215 Music of the Americas Charles

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A

A survey of the music of North and South America from the Renaissance to the present, with emphasis on the cross-fertilizations of indigenous and European traditions. Listening assignments will focus on composers as varied as Copland and Still, Revueltas and Chihara.

21M.220 Medieval and Renaissance Music Michael Scott

Prereq: None. Coreq: 21M.301
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A, CI-M

Examines European music from the early Middle Ages until the end of the Renaissance. Includes a chronological survey and intensive study of three topics: chant and its development, music in Italy 1340-1420, and music in Elizabethan England. Focuses on methods and pitfalls in studying music of the distant past. Students' papers, problem sets, and presentations explore lives, genres, and works in depth. Works studied in facsimile of original notation, and from original manuscripts at MIT, where possible.

21M.220 Medieval and Renaissance Music (CI-M)

Prereq: None. Coreq: 21M.301
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A, CI-M

Examines European music from the early Middle Ages until the end of the Renaissance. Includes a chronological survey and intensive study of three topics: chant and its development, music in Italy 1340-1420, and music in Elizabethan England. Focuses on methods and pitfalls in studying music of the distant past. Students' papers, problem sets, and presentations explore lives, genres, and works in depth. Works studied in facsimile of original notation, and from original manuscripts at MIT, where possible.

21M.223J Folk Music of the British Isles and North America, CI-H

Prereq: None
3-1-8
HASS-A, CI-H

Examines the production, transmission, preservation and the qualities of folk music in the British Isles and North America from the 18th century to the folk revival of the 1960s and the present. Special emphasis on balladry, fiddle styles, and African-American influences. Enrollment limited. 

21M.226 Jazz

Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-9 
HASS-A

Historical survey from roots in African and American contexts, including spirituals, blues, and ragtime, through early jazz, Swing, bebop, and post-bop movements, with attention to recent developments. Key jazz styles, the relation of music and society, and major figures such as Armstrong, Ellington, Basie, Goodman, Parker, Monk, Mingus, Coltrane, and others are considered. Some investigation of cross-influences with popular, classical, folk, and rock musics. Enrollment may be limited.

21M.235 Baroque and Classical Music Teresa

Prereq: 21M.301 or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A, CI-M

Surveys Baroque and Classical genres: opera, cantata, oratorio, sonata, concerto, quartet and symphony. Includes the composers Monteverdi, Schutz, Purcell, Vivaldi, Bach, Handel, Haydn and Mozart. Bases written essays, projects, and oral presentations on live performances as well as listening and reading assignments. Basic music score-reading ability required.

21M.235 Baroque and Classical Music (CI-M)

Prereq: 21M.301 or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A, CI-M

Surveys Baroque and Classical genres: opera, cantata, oratorio, sonata, concerto, quartet and symphony. Includes the composers Monteverdi, Schutz, Purcell, Vivaldi, Bach, Handel, Haydn and Mozart. Bases written essays, projects, and oral presentations on live performances as well as listening and reading assignments. Basic music score-reading ability required.

21M.250 Nineteenth-Century Music Teresa

Prereq: 21M.301 or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 
HASS-A

Surveys Romantic genres including Lied/song, choral music, opera, piano sonata/character cycle, concerto, and symphony/symphonic poem. Includes the composers Beethoven, Schubert, Berlioz, Chopin, Brahms, Wagner, Verdi, Tchaikovsky, and Mahler. Bases written essays and oral presentations on live performances as well as listening and reading assignments. Basic score-reading ability recommended.

21M.260 Music since 1900

Prereq: 21M.301 or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A, CI-M

3 hrs/wk synchronous lectures

Surveys musical works drawn from many genres, representing stylistic movements that have transformed classical music over the past hundred years. Focal topics include musical modernism, serialism, neoclassicism, nationalism and ideology, minimalism, and aleatoric and noise composition experiments. Discusses electronic and computer music, and new media and the postmodern present. Begins with Stravinsky's early ballets and ends with music by current MIT composers and other important figures active today. Ability to read music required. Instruction and practice in oral and written communication provided.

21M.260 Music Since 1900, CI-M

Prereq: 21M.301 or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A, CI-M

Surveys musical works drawn from many genres, representing stylistic movements that have transformed classical music over the past hundred years. Focal topics include musical modernism, serialism, neoclassicism, nationalism and ideology, minimalism, and aleatoric and noise composition experiments. Discusses electronic and computer music, and new media and the postmodern present. Begins with Stravinsky's early ballets and ends with music by current MIT composers and other important figures active today. Ability to read music required. Instruction and practice in oral and written communication provided.

21M.260 Music Since 1900 Martin

Prereq: 21M.301 or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A, CI-M

Surveys musical works drawn from many genres, representing stylistic movements that have transformed classical music over the past hundred years. Focal topics include musical modernism, serialism, neoclassicism, nationalism and ideology, minimalism, and aleatoric and noise composition experiments. Discusses electronic and computer music, and new media and the postmodern present. Begins with Stravinsky's early ballets and ends with music by current MIT composers and other important figures active today. Ability to read music required. Instruction and practice in oral and written communication provided.

21M.269 Studies in Western Music History

Prereq: 21M.301 or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9, HASS-A

Explores particular questions or repertories in Western classical music. Requires individual participation, presentations, and writing. Topics vary each year. Examples include women in music, musical borrowing, the Ars Nova, Schumann, or music after 1990. May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

21M.271 Symphony and Concerto Emily Richmond

Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-9, HASS-A

Explores the style, form, and history of approximately two dozen pieces of canonical symphonic repertoire. Students write short reviews of musicological articles on the rich cultural history of selected works and complete one project about the state of classical music in contemporary society. Basic score-reading ability required.

21M.273 Opera Emily Richmond

Prereq: Basic score-reading ability required
3-0-9
HASS-A

Focuses on the different styles and dramatic approaches exhibited by a range of operas. Central questions include the process of adaptation from source material, the conventions of different operatic eras, and how the works are staged in contrasting productions. Basic score-reading ability required.

21M.283 Musicals Martin

Prereq: One subject in film, music, or theater or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A

Covers Broadway works and Hollywood films in depth. Proceeds chronologically, exploring three stage musicals and three films at a time, within four historical categories: breakthrough musicals of the 1920s and '30s; classic "book musicals" of the '40s and '50s; modernist and concept musicals of the '60s and '70s; and post modern and cutting-edge works of the '80s and '90s. Attention given to the role of music in relation to script, characterization, and dramatic structure. Final papers involve comparison of one stage and one film work, selected in consultation with the instructor. Oral presentations required and in-class performances encouraged.

21M.284 Film Music Martin

(Subject meets with CMS.925) 
Prereq: None 
Units: 3-3-6, HASS-A

Surveys styles and dramatic functions of music for silent films of the 1910s-20s, and music in sound films from the 1930s to the present. Close attention given to landmark scores by American and European composers, including Korngold, Steiner, Rozsa, Prokofiev, Copland, Herrmann, Rota, Morricone, and Williams. Subsidiary topics include new trends in contemporary film-scoring, pop scores, the impact of electronics, and specialized genres (e.g., animation). Students taking the graduate version complete different assignments. Some background in the study of film and/or music is expected.

21M.285 The Beatles (NEW NUMBER)

Prereq: 21M.301 or permission of intructor
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A

Surveys the music of the Beatles, from the band's early years as the Quarrymen (1956-1960), through the rise of "Beatlemania" in the 1960s and the break-up of the group with the turn of 1970. Listening and reading assignments focus on the construction and analysis of selected songs with the goal of mapping how the Beatles' musical style changed from skiffle and rock to studio-based experimentation and the concept album. Discussions about the cultural influences that helped shape not only music, but also the image of the Beatles and its individual members, as well as the group's influence on both popular music and culture worldwide.

21M.289 Studies in Western Classical Genres

Prereq: 21M.301 or permission of the instructor 
Units: 3-0-9, HASS-A

Explores topics concerned with specific types of classical music, such as repertories for instrumental soloists and/or small ensembles, orchestral works, solo songs, choral works, or compositions for theater, film, or new media. Topics vary and may require additional prerequisites or specialized skills such as score-reading or playing an instrument. Examples include the English madrigal, Baroque chamber music, Beethoven's symphonies, French art song, Wagner's 'Ring' cycle, American choral music, Stravinsky's theater works, and the Hollywood film score. May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

21M.291 Music of India George

Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-9, HASS-A

Focuses on Hindustani classical music of North India, and also involves learning about the ancient foundations of the rich classical traditions of music and dance of all Indian art and culture. Practice of the ragas and talas through the learning of songs, dance, and drumming compositions. Develops insights through listening, readings, and concert attendance.

21M.292 Music of Indonesia Leslie A.

Prereq: None
3-0-9
HASS-A

Provides an introduction to the fascinating, intricate music of Indonesia with a special focus on Bali. Students explore diverse musical traditions, engaging deeply with musical structures and techniques through analysis, composition, and extensive hands-on music-making. They also study the music's cultural, political, and historical significance through listening, reading, class discussion, and creative, open-ended projects. Limited to 15.

21M.293 Music of Africa Patricia

Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-9 
HASS-A

Studies musical traditions of sub-Saharan Africa, with focus on West Africa. Explores a variety of musical practices and their cultural contexts through listening, reading and writing assignments with an emphasis on class discussion. Includes in-class instruction in drumming, song and dance of Senegal, Ghana, and South Africa, as well as live lecture-demonstrations by guest performers from throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Limited to 15; preference to majors, minors, concentrators. Admittance may be controlled by lottery.

21M.294 Popular Musics of the World Patricia

Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A

Focuses on popular music created for and transmitted by mass media. Studies various popular music genres from around the world through listening and reading assignments, while considering issues of musical change, syncretism, Westernization, globalization, the impact of recording industries, and the post-colonial era. Case studies include bhangra, Afro-pop, reggae, and global hip-hop. Limited to 25; preference to majors, minors, concentrators. Admittance may be controlled by lottery.

21M.295 American Popular Music

Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A

Surveys the development of popular music in the US, and in a cross-cultural milieu, relative to the history and sociology of the last two hundred years. Examines the ethnic mixture that characterizes modern music, and how it reflects many rich traditions and styles (minstrelsy, Tin Pan Alley, blues, country, rock, soul, rap, techno, etc.). Provides a background for understanding the musical vocabulary of current popular music styles. Limited to 20.

21M.296 Studies in Jazz and Popular: Beatles Teresa

Prereq: 21M.030 or permission of instructor
3-0-9
HASS-A

Studies of selected topics in popular music and/or jazz.  Topics vary.  Examples include Duke Ellington, The Beatles, Bob Dylan, and the 1980s.  May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Fall 2019 Topic: The Beatles
Surveys the music of the Beatles, from the band’s early years as the Quarrymen, 1956-1960, through the rise of “Beatlemania” in the 1960s, and the break-up of the group with the turn of 1970. Listening and reading assignments will focus on the context and analysis of selected songs with the goal of mapping how the Beatles's musical style changed from skiffle and rock to studio-based experimentation and the concept album. Cultural influences that helped to shape the image of the band and its individual members, as well as the group’s influence on both popular music and culture worldwide, will be a continuous theme.

21M.296 Studies in Jazz and Popular: Duke Ellington Mark

Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A

Studies of selected topics in popular music and/or jazz. Topics vary. Examples include Duke Ellington, The Beatles, Bob Dylan, and the 1980s. May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Spring 2019 Topic: Duke Ellington

This course will explore the life and music of Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington (1899-1974), one of the greatest musicians of the 20th-century. His career paralleled, influenced, and was influenced by the evolution of jazz, and he became one of the most significant exponents of that art form.  Duke Ellington composed several thousand compositions ranging from popular tunes to film and theater scores to symphonic-length works to sacred music, all while constantly touring America and the world.  With his critically-acclaimed orchestra, he performed in clubs, concert halls, cathedrals, at colleges and festivals, and for kings, queens, and Presidents.  We will discuss all of this in the context of historical and wide-ranging socio-cultural dynamics, and listen to many Ellington recordings.

21M.296 Studies in Jazz and Popular: The Beatles

Prereq: 21M.030 or permission of instructor
3-0-9
HASS-A

3 hrs/wk synchronous lecture

Studies of selected topics in popular music and/or jazz.  Topics vary.  Examples include Duke Ellington, The Beatles, Bob Dylan, and the 1980s.  May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Fall 2020 Topic: The Beatles
Surveys the music of the Beatles, from the band’s early years as the Quarrymen, 1956-1960, through the rise of “Beatlemania” in the 1960s, and the break-up of the group with the turn of 1970. Listening and reading assignments will focus on the construction and analysis of selected songs with the goal of mapping how the Beatle’s musical style changed from skiffle and rock to studio-based experimentation and the concept album. Cultural influences that helped to shape the music and the image of the Beatles’ as well as the group’s influence on both popular music and culture worldwide will be a continuous theme in this class.

21M.297J Cultures of Popular Music in East Asia: Japan, Korea, China

Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-9
HASS-A

Taught by Prof. Ian Condry

Explores a variety of music cultures in contemporary East Asia. Emphasizes examples from Japan, but forays elsewhere, including South Korea and China. Uses writings, videos, and recordings of musical performances, events, and objects in a variety of contexts to better understand how the concept of culture gives insight into gender, class, sexuality, race, ethnicity, nationhood, and individual identities. Explores ethnographic approaches to musical cultures with a focus on the last thirty years. Topics include Japanese hip-hop, K-Pop idols, Vocaloids (virtual idols), Chinese popular music and protest, street music, streaming and online distribution for global music, and experimental music. Students conduct ethnographic fieldwork and produce sonic presentations. No music experience nor technical expertise required. Taught in English.

21M.299 Music of Brazil

Prereq: None
3-0-9
HASS-A

Moving from studio recordings of samba artists to field recordings of spirit possessions, we will explore the musical practices of Brazil throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. As we delve into the contours and contexts of music scenes across the spectrum from bossa nova to funk carioca, we will begin to unpack what motivates musicians to create song and dance as well as the meanings that these musicians and their listening audiences derive from such processes. Upon completing this course, students will have garnered essential knowledge about creative expressions in Brazil, including Carnival, country (sertanejo), folk (bumba-meu-boi), gospel, pop, and sacred music (Candomblé, Umbanda, and Congado), as well as transnational music movements linking Brazil to Africa and the Iberian Peninsula. Learning activities entail lectures, class discussions, guest demonstrations, and student presentations and creative projects.

21M.299 Studies in World, Traditional, and Popular Music: The Beatles Teresa

Prereq: 21M.030 or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9, HASS-A

Fall 2017 Topic: The Beatles
Surveys the music of the Beatles, from the band’s early years as the Quarrymen, 1956-1960, through the rise of “Beatlemania” in the 1960s, and the break-up of the group with the turn of 1970. Listening and reading assignments will focus on the construction and analysis of selected songs with the goal of mapping how the Beatle’s musical style changed from skiffle and rock to studio-based experimentation and the concept album. Cultural influences that helped to shape the image of the Beatles’ and its individual members, as well as the group’s influence on both popular music and culture worldwide will be a continuous theme.

21M.299 Studies in World Music: Rhythms of the World Leslie A.

Prereq: 21M.030 or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 
HASS-A

Studies of selected topics in ethnomusicology (the study of music in culture).  Topics vary.  Examples include the social lives of musical instruments, music and storytelling, fieldwork methodologies, music and politics, and rhythms of the world.  May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Fall 2018 Topic: Rhythms of the World
An introduction to the fundamentals of music through the lenses of non-Western, aural music cultures. Surveys selected traditions, from Bali to Ghana, South India to Zimbabwe, with a primary focus on oral skills, theory, and musical performance and embodiment. Instruction in diverse theories of rhythm and meter, melodic construction, and compositional aesthetic, as well as intensive hands-on music-making, builds listening, composing, and performing proficiency in multiple music practices, and strengthens overall musicality. Course requirements include individual performance exams and theory and composition assignments. No musical experience required.

21M.299 Studies in World Music: Music of Brazil

Prereq: None
3-0-9
HASS-A

Studies of selected topics in ethnomusicology (the study of music in culture).  Topics vary.  Examples include the social lives of musical instruments, music and storytelling, fieldwork methodologies, music and politics, and rhythms of the world.  May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Fall 2021 Music of Brazil

Moving from studio recordings of samba artists to field recordings of spirit possessions, we will explore the musical practices of Brazil throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. As we delve into the contours and contexts of music scenes across the spectrum from bossa nova to funk carioca, we will begin to unpack what motivates musicians to create song and dance as well as the meanings that these musicians and their listening audiences derive from such processes. Upon completing this course, students will have garnered essential knowledge about creative expressions in Brazil, including Carnival, country (sertanejo), folk (bumba-meu-boi), gospel, pop, and sacred music (Candomblé, Umbanda, and Congado), as well as transnational music movements linking Brazil to Africa and the Iberian Peninsula. Learning activities entail lectures, class discussions, guest demonstrations, and student presentations and creative projects.
21M.299 Studies in World, Traditional, and Popular Music: The Social Lives of Instruments

Prereq: 21M.030 or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9, HASS-A

What can musical instruments be and do? How do we use them to make sense of our world?

This course addresses how people imagine, hear, play, construct, consume, and critique instruments and their accompanying sound (re)production technologies.

Topics span artisanship, entrepreneurship, ecology and sustainability, art history and archaeology, cultural policy, anthropology of sound, scientific instruments, and emerging technologies. No background in music is necessary. 

Composition/Theory
21M.301 Harmony and Counterpoint I

Prereq: None
3-3-6
HASS-A

Covers basic writing skills in music of the common-practice period (Bach to Brahms). Regular written assignments lead to the composition of short pieces. Classwork includes analysis of representative works from the literature. Keyboard laboratory and sight-singing choir in addition to regular class meetings. Students should have experience reading music. Limited to 20 per section. 

21M.301 Harmony and Counterpoint I Charles

Prereq: None
3-3-6
HASS-A

Covers basic writing skills in music of the common-practice period (Bach to Brahms). Regular written assignments lead to the composition of short pieces. Classwork includes analysis of representative works from the literature. Keyboard laboratory and sight-singing choir in addition to regular class meetings. Students should have experience reading music. Limited to 20 per section. 

Music Theory Remixed (9780199330560) is required for Lecture 1 and 4 with Professor Nathan Lam. Harmony and Voice Leading (9780155062429) is only recommended for students in 21M.301 Lecture 2 with Professor Elena Ruehr. The Music Theory Handbok (9780155026629) is only recommended for students in 21M.301 Lecture 3 with Professor Benjamin Park. All students taking 21M.301 are required to have Five Centuries of Choral Music for Mixed Voices (9781423439516). 

21M.302 Harmony and Counterpoint II

Prereq:  21M.301 or Permission of instructor
3-2-7
HASS-A

A continuation of 21M.301, including chromatic harmony and modulation, a more extensive composition project, keyboard laboratory, and musicianship laboratory. Limited to 20 per section.

21M.303 Writing in Tonal Forms I Charles

Prereq: 21M.302
Units: 3-1-8 
HASS-A

Written and analytic exercises based on 18th- and 19th-century small forms and harmonic practice found in music such as the chorale preludes of Bach; minuets and trios of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven; and the songs and character pieces of Schubert and Schumann. Musicianship laboratory is required. Limited to 20.

21M.303 Writing Tonal Forms I

Prereq: 21M.302​
3-1-8
HASS-A

Written and analytic exercises based on 18th- and 19th-century small forms and harmonic practice found in music such as the chorale preludes of Bach; minuets and trios of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven; and the songs and character pieces of Schubert and Schumann. Musicianship laboratory is required. Limited to 20 per section. 

21M.304 Writing in Tonal Forms II Charles

Prereq: 21M.303
Units: 3-1-8 

HASS-A

Further written and analytic exercises in tonal music, focusing on larger or more challenging forms. For example, students might compose a sonata-form movement for piano or a two-part invention in the style of Bach. Students have opportunities to write short works that experiment with the expanded tonal techniques of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Musicianship laboratory is required. Limited to 20.

21M.304 Writing Tonal Forms II

Prereq: 21M.303 
Units: 3-1-8 
HASS-A

Further written and analytic exercises in tonal music, focusing on larger or more challenging forms. For example, students might compose a sonata-form movement for piano or a two-part invention in the style of Bach. Students have opportunities to write short works that experiment with the expanded tonal techniques of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Musicianship laboratory is required. Limited to 20.

21M.310 Techniques of 20th Century Composition

Prereq: 21M.302 or Permission of instructor
3-0-9
HASS-A

3 hrs/wk synchronous lecture

Students complete written and analytical exercises based on compositional forms and practices from the first half of the 20th century. Areas covered include compositions based upon artificial scales and modes, as in Debussy, Bartok, and Stravinsky; compositions based on atonal pitch organizations, as with Schoenberg and Webern; compositions based on rhythmic process, timbral exploration, and/or non-Western influences. Basic instrumentation will be taught, and compositions will be performed in class.

21M.310 Techniques of 20th-Century Composition Keeril

Prereq: 21M.302, 21M.260, or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9, HASS-A

Students complete written and analytical exercises based on compositional forms and practices from the first half of the 20th century. Areas covered include compositions based upon artificial scales and modes, as in Debussy, Bartok, and Stravinsky; compositions based on atonal pitch organizations, as with Schoenberg and Webern; compositions based on rhythmic process, timbral exploration, and/or non-Western influences. Basic instrumentation will be taught, and compositions will be performed in class.

21M.340 Jazz Harmony and Arranging

Prereq: 21M.051 or 21M.226 or Permission of instructor
3-0-9
HASS-A

Basic harmony and theory of mainstream jazz and blues; includes required listening in jazz, writing and analysis work, and two full-scale arrangements. Serves as preparation for more advanced work in jazz with application to rock and pop music. Performance of student arrangements. Limited to 15.

21M.340 Jazz Harmony and Arranging Mark

Prereq: 21M.051, 21M.226or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 
HASS-A

Basic harmony and theory of mainstream jazz and blues; includes required listening in jazz, writing and analysis work, and two full-scale arrangements. Serves as preparation for more advanced work in jazz with application to rock and pop music. Performance of student arrangements. Limited to 20.

21M.341 Jazz Composition Mark

Prereq: 21M.226, 21M.340, or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9, HASS-A

Jazz writing using tonal, modal, and extended compositional approaches as applied to the blues, the 32-bar song form, and post-bop structural designs. Consideration given to a variety of styles and to the ways improvisation informs the compositional process. Study of works by Ellington, Mingus, Parker, Russell, Evans, Nelson, Golson, Coleman, Coltrane, Threadgill, Hemphill, and others. Performance of student compositions. Limited to 20.

21M.342 Composing for Jazz Orchestra Mark

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9, HASS-A

Explores composition and arrangement for the large jazz ensembles from 1920s foundations to current postmodern practice. Consideration given to a variety of styles and to the interaction of improvisation and composition. Study of works by Basie, Ellington, Evans, Gillespie, Golson, Mingus, Morris, Nelson, Williams, and others. Open rehearsals, workshops, and performances of student compositions by the MIT Festival Jazz Ensemble and the Aardvark Jazz Orchestra. Limited to 20.

21M.351 Music Composition Peter

(Subject meets with 21M.505) 
Prereq: 21M.304, 21M.310, or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 
HASS-A

Directed composition of original writing involving voices and/or instruments. Includes a weekly seminar in composition for the presentation and discussion of work in progress. Students are expected to produce at least one substantive work and perform it in public by the end of the term. Contemporary compositions and major works from 20th-century music literature are studied. Students taking the graduate version complete different assignments.

21M.355 Musical Improvisation Mark

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A

Students study concepts and practice techniques of improvisation in solo and ensemble contexts. Examines relationships between improvisation, composition, and performance based in traditional and experimental approaches. Topics, with occasional guest lectures, may include jazz, non-western music, and western concert music, as well as improvisation with film, spoken word, theater, and dance. Enrollment may be limited; open by audition to instrumental or vocal performers.

21M.359 Studies in Musical Composition, Theory and Analysis

Prereq: 21M.302 or permission of instructor
Units: 3-0-9, HASS-A

Explores techniques associated with musical composition and/or analysis. Written exercises in the form of music (composition) and/or prose (papers) may be required, depending on the topic. Topics vary each year; examples include fugue, contemporary aesthetics of composition, orchestration, music analysis, or music and mathematics. May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor. Limited to 18.

21M.359 Studies in Musical Composition, Theory and Analysis: Music and Mathematics

Prereq: 21M.301 or permission of insturctor 
3-0-9
HASS-A

Explores techniques associated with musical composition and/or analysis. Written exercises in the form of music (composition) and/or prose (papers) may be required, depending on the topic. Topics vary each year; examples include fugue, contemporary aesthetics of composition, orchestration, music analysis, or music and mathematics. May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Spring 2022: Music and Mathematics

The course deals with music as understood through mathematics, rather than with mathematics demonstrated by way of music. Composers implicitly and explicitly exploit musical structures underpinned by simple and complicated, always amazing, mathematical structures, and sometimes generate new ones for particular compositions or for personal style. Tuning systems of entire regions and musical periods are made possible due to cultural considerations (e.g. religion, acoustics of houses of worship, training of choristers) within a mathematical context (e.g. just versus mean-tone intonations). Topics covered will include algebraic approaches to pitch, time, and spectrum in twentieth century music, and to harmony in the common practice; probabilistic modeling such as Markov processes; string rewriting systems and automata theory; and musical cryptography and steganography. Weekly assignments, with a final project. No exam. Proficiency in at least piano score reading and computer programming is required.

21M.359 Studies in Musical Compostion, Theory and Analysis: Choral Composing and Arranging

Prereq: 21M.301 or permission of insturctor 
3-0-9
HASS-A

Explores techniques associated with musical composition and/or analysis. Written exercises in the form of music (composition) and/or prose (papers) may be required, depending on the topic. Topics vary each year; examples include fugue, contemporary aesthetics of composition, orchestration, music analysis, or music and mathematics. May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Spring 2021 Topic: Choral Composing and Arranging

This course is designed for student who would like to focus on the particular challenges of writing for the voice.

The following topics will be included:
Choral and solo voice types (soprano, mezzo-soprano, alto, contralto, tenor, baritone, bass, lyric soprano, coloratura soprano, etc…)
Text setting - finding the natural declamation of the text
Tessitura and its affect on each voice type
Passagio and its affect on each voice type
International Phonetic Alphabet - understanding specific vowel and consonant categories
Choral voicings (SATB;  SSA; TTB; SSAATTBB; etc….)
Composing for the piano (how to write music that is idiomatic for the instrument)

Projects will include:
Arranging a folk song for unaccompanied chorus
Arranging a folk song for solo voice and piano
Composing/arranging an original song for voice and piano accompaniment
Composing an original choral work for unaccompanied chorus
Composing an original choral work for chorus and piano accompaniment
Composing for solo voice with unaccompanied choral support
Composing for chorus or solo voice with a solo instrument of the composer’s choosing
Final project - original choral or solo composition (with or without accompaniment)

21M.359 Choral Composing and Arranging William

Prereq: 21M.301 or permission of insturctor 
3-0-9
HASS-A

Explores techniques associated with musical composition and/or analysis. Written exercises in the form of music (composition) and/or prose (papers) may be required, depending on the topic. Topics vary each year; examples include fugue, contemporary aesthetics of composition, orchestration, music analysis, or music and mathematics. May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Fall 2019 Topic: Choral Composing and Arranging

This course is designed for student who would like to focus on the particular challenges of writing for the voice.

The following topics will be included:
Choral and solo voice types (soprano, mezzo-soprano, alto, contralto, tenor, baritone, bass, lyric soprano, coloratura soprano, etc…)
Text setting - finding the natural declamation of the text
Tessitura and its affect on each voice type
Passagio and its affect on each voice type
International Phonetic Alphabet - understanding specific vowel and consonant categories
Choral voicings (SATB;  SSA; TTB; SSAATTBB; etc….)
Composing for the piano (how to write music that is idiomatic for the instrument)

Projects will include:
Arranging a folk song for unaccompanied chorus
Arranging a folk song for solo voice and piano
Composing/arranging an original song for voice and piano accompaniment
Composing an original choral work for unaccompanied chorus
Composing an original choral work for chorus and piano accompaniment
Composing for solo voice with unaccompanied choral support
Composing for chorus or solo voice with a solo instrument of the composer’s choosing
Final project - original choral or solo composition (with or without accompaniment)

21M.359 Sound and Music Computing Matthew

Prereq: Please see below note
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A

Explores techniques associated with musical composition and/or analysis. Written exercises in the form of music (composition) and/or prose (papers) may be required, depending on the topic. Topics vary each year; examples include fugue, contemporary aesthetics of composition, orchestration, music analysis, or music and mathematics. May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor. Limited to 18.

Spring 2019 Topic: Sound and Music Computing
This course explores topics in computer music fundamentals, computer-assisted composition, and generative music using significant works from the computer music repertoire as models. We consider fundamentals of digital audio signal processing, musical acoustics and psychoacoustics, sound analysis and a variety of sound synthesis techniques as resources for composing music. In weekly classwork and longer midterm projects, students use creative and technical skills to build programs and use them to compose engaging sounds, musical exercises and pieces. The course utilizes the Max/MSP visual programming environment in combination with the odot scripting language.

Please note: While the subject listing page lists 21M.302 as the prerequisite for this class, the instructor is changing the prerequisite to 21M.051. So if you are interested and have taken 21M.051 or 21M.301, please sign up! 

21M.359 Studies in Musical Compostion, Theory and Analysis: The Analysis of Tonal Music

Prereq: 21M.302 or permission of insturctor 
3-0-9
HASS-A

Explores techniques associated with musical composition and/or analysis. Written exercises in the form of music (composition) and/or prose (papers) may be required, depending on the topic. Topics vary each year; examples include fugue, contemporary aesthetics of composition, orchestration, music analysis, or music and mathematics. May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

Fall 2021: The Analysis of Tonal Music

Some aspects of our experience of music are beyond words. The grace or invention of a particular passage leaves us simply moved or awestruck. Some aspects, however, are due to a richness of relationship in the piece that, to a degree, can be described. These are aspects of its structure or process that we attend to when we analyze music. The more deeply we can understand music, the more sophisticated our analytical hearing, the richer our experience as performers, composers and listeners.

This class provides an introduction to the analysis of tonal music, building upon techniques and concepts learned in harmony and counterpoint classes. As we analyze pieces in class, four major areas of focus will emerge:

  • Rhythmic structure
  • Melodic structure
  • Harmonic structure
  • Motivic structure
  • Form

Our work in class will focus on the analysis of whole (mostly short) pieces, as well as some theoretical works that address these topics. Both the music and the readings will be available on Canvas.

21M.361 Electronic Music Composition I Peter

Prereq: None 
Units: 2-1-9, HASS-A

Students develop basic skills in composition through weekly assignments focusing on sampling and audio processing. Source materials include samples of urban/natural environments, electronically generated sounds, inherent studio/recording noise, and pre-existing recordings. Audio processing includes digital signal processing (DSP) and analog devices. Covers compositional techniques, including mixing, algorithms, studio improvisation, and interaction. Students critique each other's work and give informal presentations on recordings drawn from sound art, experimental electronica, conventional and non-conventional classical electronic works, and popular music. Covers technology, math, and acoustics in varying detail. Limited to 10 per section; preference to Music majors, minors, and concentrators.

21M.362 Electronic Music Composition II Peter

Prereq: 21M.361 or permission of instructor 
Units: 2-2-8 

HASS-A

Explores sophisticated synthesis techniques, from finely tuned additive to noise filtering and distortion, granular synthesis to vintage emulation. Incorporates production techniques and use of multimedia, with guest lecturers/performers. Considers composing environments such as Max/MSP/Jitter, SPEAR, SoundHack, and Mathematica. Assignments include diverse listening sessions, followed by oral or written presentations, weekly sound studies, critiques, and modular compositions/soundscapes. Prior significant computer music experience preferred. Consult instructor for technical requirements. Limited to 10.

21M.380 Laptop Orchestras and Network Music Ian

Prereq: None
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A
 
Explores various technologies in relation to musical analysis, composition, performance, culture, and quantitative methods. Topics vary each term and may include development and impact on society, generative and algorithmic music, recording techniques or procedural sound design. May involve hands-on components such as laptop music ensemble, new instrument building, or comparing the theory and practice of audio recording. Limited to 16.

Spring 2019 Topic: Laptop Orchestras and Network Music
Examines how performers and composers utilize computers and digital networks to create new forms of ensemble performance. We will take a hybrid approach to our research, combining the study of past and present digital music ensembles with hands-on experience composing and performing music for laptops. Topics covered include: the beginnings of network music in the Bay area, the rise of the Laptop Orchestra, the laptop ensemble as research lab, interconnected musical networks, tangible controllers and digital musical instruments, live coding, and compositional and conducting strategies for laptop ensemble. The semester will conclude with a public performance of students works and repertoire drawn from existing ensembles.

21M.380 Music and Technology: The Mediated Voice

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 
HASS-A

Spring 2018 Topic: The Mediated Voice
This course uses an exploration of technological mediations of the human voice as the context for an introduction to foundational electronic music concepts and techniques. Topics covered include psychoacoustics, recording and audio production, analog and digital synthesis techniques, feature extraction and music information retrieval, hardware and software design, and human-computer interaction. Students will also be asked to consider philosophical and societal implications of technologies related to the voice, including questions of identity, agency, embodiment, and exploitation.

Explores various technologies in relation to musical analysis, composition, performance, culture, and quantitative methods. Topics vary each term and may include development and impact on society, generative and algorithmic music, recording techniques or procedural sound design. May involve hands-on components such as laptop music ensemble, new instrument building, or comparing the theory and practice of audio recording. Limited to 16.

21M.380 Music and Technology: Recording Techniques & Audio Production

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9, HASS-A

In this course, you will be introduced to music recording and audio production from a practical and theoretical perspective. You will learn about the physical nature and human perception of sound, how it is transformed to and from electrical signals by means of microphones and loudspeakers, and how it can be creatively modeled through mixing consoles, signal processors, and digital audio workstations. You will learn to make informed choices about microphone selection and positioning, and we will cover various editing, mixing, and mastering techniques. 

Limited to 16.

21M.380 Performing with Computers Ian

Prereq: None
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A
 
Explores various technologies in relation to musical analysis, composition, performance, culture, and quantitative methods. Topics vary each term and may include development and impact on society, generative and algorithmic music, recording techniques or procedural sound design. May involve hands-on components such as laptop music ensemble, new instrument building, or comparing the theory and practice of audio recording. Limited to 16.

Fall 2018 Topic: Performing with Computers
An investigation into musical communities and performance practices that have been made possible through incorporating computers into live performance. As in many domains, computers can support pre-existing conceptual models of musical performance, but also make possible many new and emerging practices. In this class, students will learn how musicians are employing cutting edge computer technologies to shape new visions for the future of music. Students will gain hands-on experience with computer music performance in a variety of styles, including gestural musical performance, live sampling, and live coding. Emphasis will be placed on the technical foundations which shape these performance practices, and the aesthetic norms which have arisen within their communities of practitioners.
 

21M.380 Composing for Solo Instrument and Live Electronics Matthew

Prerequisites: 21M.301 and 21M.361 or permission of the instructor
3-0-9
HASS-A

Explores various technologies in relation to musical analysis, composition, performance, culture, and quantitative methods. Topics vary each term and may include development and impact on society, generative and algorithmic music, recording techniques or procedural sound design. May involve hands-on components such as laptop music ensemble, new instrument building, or comparing the theory and practice of audio recording. Limited to 16.

Fall 2019 Topic: Composing for Solo Instrument and Live Electronics
A hands-on music technology composition seminar combining instrumental writing with real-time computer music. Students work closely with an accomplished classical instrumentalist, learning to compose for the instrument and developing computer programs that accompany the live performance with computer-generated sound. We examine significant works in this evolving canon, studying both the score and attendant computer programs as models for new compositions. Topics include: composing and programming hybrid instrumental/computer music works; the architecture of real-time computer music programs; real-time generative and algorithmic composition techniques for computer accompaniment; computer-assisted composition techniques; high-level control of digital signal processing for live sound analysis and transformation; analysis of significant solo instrument and live electronics repertoire; and extended performance techniques for solo instrument. The course utilizes the Max/MSP visual programming environment in combination with the odot scripting language.

Max/MSP: https://cycling74.com/products/max-features
odot: https://github.com/CNMAT/CNMAT-odot
 

21M.385 Interactive Music Systems Eran

(Same subject as 6.809[J])
Prereq: (6.01 and 21M.301) or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 
http://musictech.mit.edu/ims 

HASS-A

Explores audio synthesis, musical structure, human computer interaction (HCI), and visual presentation for the creation of interactive musical experiences. Topics include audio synthesis; mixing and looping; MIDI sequencing; generative composition; motion sensors; music games; and graphics for UI, visualization, and aesthetics. Includes weekly programming assignments in python. Teams build an original, dynamic, and engaging interactive music system for their final project. Limited to 18.

21M.385 Interactive Music Systems Eran

(Same subject as 6.809[J])
Prereq: (6.009 and 21M.301) or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 
HASS-A
http://musictech.mit.edu/ims 

Explores audio synthesis, musical structure, human computer interaction (HCI), and visual presentation for the creation of interactive musical experiences. Topics include audio synthesis; mixing and looping; MIDI sequencing; generative composition; motion sensors; music games; and graphics for UI, visualization, and aesthetics. Includes weekly programming assignments in python. Teams build an original, dynamic, and engaging interactive music system for their final project. Enrollment limited. 

21M.387 Fundamentals of Music Processing Eran

Prereq: 6.003, 6.01, and 21M.051
Units: 3-0-9 
HASS-A
http://musictech.mit.edu/fmp

Analyzes recorded music in digital audio form using advanced signal processing and optimization techniques to understand higher-level musical meaning. Covers fundamental tools like windowing, feature extraction, discrete and short-time Fourier transforms, chromagrams, and onset detection. Addresses analysis methods including dynamic time warping, dynamic programming, self-similarity matrices, and matrix factorization. Explores a variety of applications, such as event classification, audio alignment, chord recognition, structural analysis, tempo and beat tracking, content-based audio retrieval, and audio decomposition. Students taking graduate version complete additional assignments. Limited to 20.

The Musician's Guide to Fundamentals (9780393639162) is required for only Derek David's section of 21M.051. 

Music Technology
21M.361 Electronic Music Composition I

Prereq: None
2-1-9
HASS-A

Students develop basic skills in composition through weekly assignments focusing on sampling and audio processing. Source materials include samples of urban/natural environments, electronically generated sounds, inherent studio/recording noise, and pre-existing recordings. Audio processing includes digital signal processing (DSP) and analog devices. Covers compositional techniques, including mixing, algorithms, studio improvisation, and interaction. Students critique each other's work and give informal presentations on recordings drawn from sound art, experimental electronica, conventional and non-conventional classical electronic works, and popular music. Covers technology, math, and acoustics in varying detail. Limited to 12 per section; preference to Music majors, minors, and concentrators.

21M.361 Electronic Music Composition I Peter

Prereq: None
2-1-9
HASS-A

Students develop basic skills in composition through weekly assignments focusing on sampling and audio processing. Source materials include samples of urban/natural environments, electronically generated sounds, inherent studio/recording noise, and pre-existing recordings. Audio processing includes digital signal processing (DSP) and analog devices. Covers compositional techniques, including mixing, algorithms, studio improvisation, and interaction. Students critique each other's work and give informal presentations on recordings drawn from sound art, experimental electronica, conventional and non-conventional classical electronic works, and popular music. Covers technology, math, and acoustics in varying detail. Limited to 12 per section; preference to Music majors, minors, and concentrators.

21M.362 Electronic Music Composition II

Prereq: 21M.361 or permission of instructor 
Units: 2-2-8 

HASS-A

Explores sophisticated synthesis techniques, from finely tuned additive to noise filtering and distortion, granular synthesis to vintage emulation. Incorporates production techniques and use of multimedia, with guest lecturers/performers. Considers composing environments such as Max/MSP/Jitter, SPEAR, SoundHack, and Mathematica. Assignments include diverse listening sessions, followed by oral or written presentations, weekly sound studies, critiques, and modular compositions/soundscapes. Prior significant computer music experience preferred. Consult instructor for technical requirements. Limited to 10.

21M.370 Digital Instrument Design

Prereq: None
3-6-3
HASS-A

Covers aesthetic and technical challenges in the creation of physical interfaces for musical performance. Students will engage in the design and creation of musical interfaces, and learn how to incorporate new technologies in their artistic practice. Topics covered include user experience design for artistic performance, musical human-computer interaction (HCI), hardware and software standards for digital musical systems, embedded programming and sound synthesis, analog and digital sensors, rapid prototyping and digital manufacturing, and creating performance practices around custom hardware. Students will design and build their own digital musical instrument, and present a performance with the instrument as their final project.

21M.380 Music and Technology Matthew
21M.383 Computational Music Theory and Analysis

Prereq: 6.009 and 21M.301
3-0-9
HASS-A

2 hrs/wk in-person lecture; 1 hr/wk asynchronous recorded lecture with integrared work

Covers major approaches to computational music theory and musicology in the symbolic (score-based) domain. Covers corpus studies, algorithms for music theory, musical search and similarity, encoding, feature extraction and machine learning, music generation, and computational music perception. Programming assignments given in Python using the MIT-created music21 toolkit. Culminates in an original final project. Enrollment limited.

21M.385 Interactive Music Systems Eran

(Same subject as 6.809[J])
Prereq: (6.009 and 21M.301) or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 
HASS-A
http://musictech.mit.edu/ims 

Explores audio synthesis, musical structure, human computer interaction (HCI), and visual presentation for the creation of interactive musical experiences. Topics include audio synthesis; mixing and looping; MIDI sequencing; generative composition; motion sensors; music games; and graphics for UI, visualization, and aesthetics. Includes weekly programming assignments in python. Teams build an original, dynamic, and engaging interactive music system for their final project. Enrollment limited. 

21M.385J Interactive Music Systems

(Same subject as 6.185[J])
Prereq: (6.01 and 21M.301) or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 

HASS-A
http://musictech.mit.edu/ims 

Explores audio synthesis, musical structure, human computer interaction (HCI), and visual presentation for the creation of interactive musical experiences. Topics include audio synthesis; mixing and looping; MIDI sequencing; generative composition; motion sensors; music games; and graphics for UI, visualization, and aesthetics. Includes weekly programming assignments in python and student presentations. Teams build an original, dynamic, and engaging interactive music system for their final project. Limited to 36.

21M.387 Fundamentals of Music Processing

(Same subject as 6.S197)
Prereq: 6.003, 6.0002, and 21M.051
Units: 3-0-9
HASS-A
http://musictech.mit.edu/fmp

Analyzes recorded music in digital audio form using advanced signal processing and optimization techniques to understand higher-level musical meaning. Covers fundamental tools like windowing, feature extraction, discrete and short-time Fourier transforms, chromagrams, and onset detection. Addresses analysis methods including dynamic time warping, dynamic programming, self-similarity matrices, and matrix factorization. Explores a variety of applications, such as event classification, audio alignment, chord recognition, structural analysis, tempo and beat tracking, content-based audio retrieval, and audio decomposition.

Performance
21M,445 Chamber Music Society

Prereq: None 
Units: 0-4-2 
This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Study of chamber music literature through analysis, rehearsal, and performance. Weekly seminars and coaching. Open to string, piano, brass, woodwind players, and singers. Admission by audition.

21M.401 Concert Choir William

Prereq: None 
Units: 0-4-2 
This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Rehearsals and performance of primarily large-scale works for chorus, soloists, and orchestra--from the Passions and Masses of J. S. Bach to oratorios of our own time. Open to graduate and undergraduate students by audition.

21M.401 MIT Concert Choir

Prereq: None 
Units: 0-4-2 
This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Rehearsals and performance of primarily large-scale works for chorus, soloists, and orchestra--from the Passions and Masses of J. S. Bach to oratorios of our own time. Open to graduate and undergraduate students by audition.

21M.401 MIT Concert Chior

Prereq: None 
Units: 0-4-2 
This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Rehearsals and performance of primarily large-scale works for chorus, soloists, and orchestra--from the Passions and Masses of J. S. Bach to oratorios of our own time. Open to graduate and undergraduate students by audition.

21M.405 Chamber Chorus William

Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-3 
This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Rehearsal and performance of choral repertoire for small chorus, involving literature from the Renaissance to contemporary periods. Limited to 32 by audition.

21M.405 MIT Chamber Chorus

Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-3 
This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Rehearsal and performance of choral repertoire for small chorus, involving literature from the Renaissance to contemporary periods. Limited to 32 by audition.

21M.410 Vocal Repertory and Performance Adam

(Subject meets with 21M.515) 
Prereq: None. Coreq: Participation in ensemble for vocalists 
Units: 3-0-3 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

For the singer and/or pianist interested in collaborative study of solo vocal performance. Historical study of the repertoire includes listening assignments of representative French, German, Italian, and English works as sung by noted vocal artists of the genre. Topics include diction as facilitated by the study of the International Phonetic Alphabet; performance and audition techniques; and study of body awareness and alignment through the Alexander Technique and yoga. Admission by audition; Emerson Vocal Scholars contact department.

21M.410 Vocal Repertoire and Performance Kerry

(Subject meets with 21M.515) 
Prereq: None. Coreq: Participation in ensemble for vocalists 
Units: 3-0-3 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

For the singer and/or pianist interested in collaborative study of solo vocal performance. Historical study of the repertoire includes listening assignments of representative French, German, Italian, and English works as sung by noted vocal artists of the genre. Topics include diction as facilitated by the study of the International Phonetic Alphabet; performance and audition techniques; and study of body awareness and alignment through the Alexander Technique and yoga. Admission by audition; Emerson Vocal Scholars contact department.

21M.421 MIT Symphony Adam

Prereq: None 
Units: 0-4-2

Rehearsals prepare works for concerts and recordings. Analyses of musical style, structure, and performance practice are integrated into rehearsals as a means of enriching musical conception and the approach to performance. Likewise, additional scores of particular structural or stylistic interest are read whenever time permits. Admission by audition.

21M.421 MIT Symphony Orchestra Evan

Prereq: None 
Units: 0-4-2 
This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Rehearsals prepare works for concerts and recordings. Analyses of musical style, structure, and performance practice are integrated into rehearsals as a means of enriching musical conception and the approach to performance. Likewise, additional scores of particular structural or stylistic interest are read whenever time permits. Admission by audition.

21M.421 MIT Symphony Orchesrta

Prereq: None 
Units: 0-4-2 
This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Rehearsals prepare works for concerts and recordings. Analyses of musical style, structure, and performance practice are integrated into rehearsals as a means of enriching musical conception and the approach to performance. Likewise, additional scores of particular structural or stylistic interest are read whenever time permits. Admission by audition.

21M.423 Conducting and Score-Reading Adam

Prereq: 21M.302 or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-3

Introduces ensemble conducting as a technical and artistic discipline. Incorporates ear training, score-reading skills and analysis, rehearsal technique, and studies of various philosophies. Attendance of rehearsals and specific concerts required. Opportunities include conducting students, professional musicians, and MIT Symphony Orchestra (when possible). Instrumental proficiency required, although vocalists with keyboard abilities will be accepted. May be repeated once for credit with permission of instructor.

21M.423 Conducting and Score-Reading

(Subject meets with 21M.515) 
Prereq: None. Coreq: Participation in ensemble for vocalists 
Units: 3-0-3 
This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

For the singer and/or pianist interested in collaborative study of solo vocal performance. Historical study of the repertoire includes listening assignments of representative French, German, Italian, and English works as sung by noted vocal artists of the genre. Topics include diction as facilitated by the study of the International Phonetic Alphabet; performance and audition techniques; and study of body awareness and alignment through the Alexander Technique and yoga. Admission by audition; Emerson Vocal Scholars contact department.

21M.426 MIT Wind Ensemble

Prereq: None 
Units: 0-4-2 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

2 hrs/wk synchronous rehearsal; 3 hrs/wk flexible a/synchronous rehearsal

Though adherence to Covid-19 safety precautions alters the typical MITWE offering for Fall 2020, the course remains committed to providing ALL participating students substantial educational experiences studying large and small ensemble repertoire and participating in a wide range of exciting group and individual project-based learning opportunities.

Online experiences may include: live streamed rehearsals; virtual performances; small group and individual coaching/instruction; masterclasses by internationally renowned musicians; arranging/composing for wind and percussion instruments; study of audio/video instrumental recording production techniques; study of related jazz and world music instrumental techniques including improvisation; and opportunities for STEAM-related outreach to communities in need in the U.S. and abroad.

On campus students’ in-person experience may include live rehearsals and streamed performances of traditional and newly composed works, in addition to the opportunity to participate in all online activities. All MITWE students will have ample opportunities to bond musically and personally through regularly online sessions related to the course and other social opportunities such as music-based game and film nights. All woodwind, brass, percussion, string bass, piano, and harp players are welcome and encouraged to audition.

21M.442 MIT Festival Jazz Ensemble Frederick

Prereq: None 
Units: 0-4-2 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Designed for instrumentalists dedicated to the analysis, performance, and recording of traditional and contemporary jazz ensemble compositions. Instrumentation includes saxophones, trumpets, trombones, piano, guitar or vibraphone, bass, percussion and occasionally french horn, double reeds, and strings. Provides opportunities to work with professional jazz artists and perform commissioned works by recognized jazz composers. Experience in improvisation preferred but not required. Admission by audition.

21M.445 Chamber Music Society Marcus

Prereq: None 
Units: 0-4-2 
This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Study of chamber music literature through analysis, rehearsal, and performance. Weekly seminars and coaching. Open to string, piano, brass, woodwind players, and singers. Admission by audition.

21M.450 MIT Balinese Gamelan

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 0-3-3 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

A performing ensemble dedicated to the traditional music of Bali. Members of the ensemble study structures and techniques used on various Balinese gamelan instruments and learn to perform gamelan pieces. No previous experience required. Limited to 25 by audition.

21M.450 MIT Balinese Gamelan Christine Southworth

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 0-3-3 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

A performing ensemble dedicated to the traditional music of Bali. Members of the ensemble study structures and techniques used on various Balinese gamelan instruments and learn to perform gamelan pieces. No previous experience required. Limited to 25 by audition.

21M.451 Studio Accompanying for Pianists David

Prereq: None 
Units arranged 

Open by audition to pianists who wish to explore and develop their talents as accompanists. Pianists are paired with a music scholarship recipient and attend that student's private lesson each week. Accompanists prepare independently, rehearse with the student partner, and provide accompaniment at a juried recital or masterclass each term. Under supervision for music faculty and private lesson instructors, pianists may work with one or two scholarship students each term at 3 units each or one student in 21M.480/21M.512 for 6 units. Subject satisfies the performance requirement for pianists receiving music scholarships.

21M.451 Studio Accompanying for Pianists

Prereq: None 
Units arranged 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Open by audition to pianists who wish to explore and develop their talents as accompanists. Pianists are paired with a music scholarship recipient and attend that student's private lesson each week. Accompanists prepare independently, rehearse with the student partner, and provide accompaniment at a juried recital or masterclass each term. Under supervision for music faculty and private lesson instructors, pianists may work with one or two scholarship students each term at 3 units each or one student in 21M.480/21M.512 for 6 units. Subject satisfies the performance requirement for pianists receiving music scholarships.

21M.460 MIT Senegalese Drum Ensemble Lamine

Prereq: None 
Units: 0-3-3 

A performance ensemble focusing on the sabar drumming tradition of Senegal, West Africa. Study and rehearse Senegalese drumming techniques and spoken word. Perform in conjunction with MIT Rambax drumming group. No previous experience necessary, but prior enrollment in 21M.030 or 21M.293 strongly recommended. Limited to 30 by audition.

21M.460 MIT Senegalese Drum Ensemble

Prereq: None 
Units: 0-3-3 
This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

A performance ensemble focusing on the sabar drumming tradition of Senegal, West Africa. Study and rehearse Senegalese drumming techniques and spoken word. Perform in conjunction with MIT Rambax drumming group. No previous experience necessary, but prior enrollment in 21M.030 or 21M.293 strongly recommended. Limited to 30 by audition.

21M.470 MIT Laptop Ensemble Ian

Prereq: None 
Units: 0-3-3 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

The MIT Laptop Ensemble is a forum for the exploration of emerging digital musical practices, giving ensemble members hands-on experience with compositional and performance strategies based on current research. Concerts by the ensemble include repertoire drawn both from historical electronic and computer music compositions, as well as new compositions by invited composers. Also includes opportunities for ensemble members to compose for and conduct the ensemble. Weekly rehearsals focus on concepts drawn from a variety of 20th- and 21st-century practices, including experimental and improvised music, telematic performance, gestural controllers, multimedia performance, live coding, and interactive music systems. No previous experience required. Admission by audition.

21M.470 MIT Laptop Ensemble

Prereq: None 
Units: 0-3-3 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

The MIT Laptop Ensemble is a forum for the exploration of emerging digital musical practices, giving ensemble members hands-on experience with compositional and performance strategies based on current research. Concerts by the ensemble include repertoire drawn both from historical electronic and computer music compositions, as well as new compositions by invited composers. Also includes opportunities for ensemble members to compose for and conduct the ensemble. Weekly rehearsals focus on concepts drawn from a variety of 20th- and 21st-century practices, including experimental and improvised music, telematic performance, gestural controllers, multimedia performance, live coding, and interactive music systems. No previous experience required. Admission by audition.

21M.480 Advanced Music Performance Marcus

(Subject meets with 21M.512) 
Prereq: None 
Units: 1-2-3

Designed for students who demonstrate considerable technical and musical skills and who wish to develop them through intensive private study. Students must take a weekly lesson, attend a regular performance seminar, and participate in a departmental performing group. Full-year commitment required. Information about lesson fees, scholarships, and auditions available in Music Section Office. Students taking the graduate version complete different assignments. Admission by audition

21M.480 Advanced Music Performance

(Subject meets with 21M.512) 
Prereq: None 
Units: 1-2-6

HASS-A

Designed for students who demonstrate considerable technical and musical skills and who wish to develop them through intensive private study. Students must take a weekly lesson, attend a regular performance seminar, and participate in a departmental performing group. Full-year commitment required. Information about lesson fees, scholarships, and auditions available in Music Section Office. Students taking the graduate version complete different assignments. Admission by audition.

21M.490 Emerson Scholars Solo Recital Marcus

(Subject meets with 21M.525) 
Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 1-0-5 

This class can be combined with another 6-unit Music & Theater Arts samplings or performance ensemble for HASS credit.

Solo 50-minute recital prepared with a private teacher and approved by the Emerson Private Studies Committee based on evidence of readiness shown in the Fall Term performances. See Emerson Scholars Stellar site for application deadlines and conditions. Restricted to Emerson Scholars.

21M.490 Emerson Solo Recital
21M.490 Emerson Scholar Solo Recital Marcus
Special Topics/Advanced Subjects
21M.480 Advanced Music Performance Marcus

(Subject meets with 21M.512) 
Prereq: None 
Units: 1-2-3 

Designed for students who demonstrate considerable technical and musical skills and who wish to develop them through intensive private study. Students must take a weekly lesson, attend a regular performance seminar, and participate in a departmental performing group. Full-year commitment required. Information about lesson fees, scholarships, and auditions available in Music Section Office. Students taking the graduate version complete different assignments. Admission by audition.

21M.490 Emerson Scholars Solo Recital David

(Subject meets with 21M.525) 
Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 1-0-5

Solo 50-minute recital prepared with a private teacher and approved by the Emerson Private Studies Committee based on evidence of readiness shown in the Fall Term performances. See Emerson Scholars Stellar site for application deadlines and conditions. Restricted to Emerson Scholars.

21M.500 Advanced Seminar in Music (CI-M)

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9
HASS-A, CI-M

Seminar that develops analytic and research skills in music history/culture or theory/composition. Topics vary, but are organized around a particular methodology, musical topic, or collection of works, that allow for application to a variety of interests and genres. Strong emphasis on student presentations, discussion, and a substantial writing project. May be repeated for credit with permission from instructor.

Fall 2021 Topic: History of Music Theory

This year the topic will be the history of music theory. The seminar will ask questions such as: why has music theory developed in the West the way it has?  how was music conceptualized in the distant past and how has it transformed recently and how is it still changing today? how does the concept of music theory differ from the West and other parts of the world? what challenges do music compositions today and our changing relationships to music of the past hold for traditional music theory? why do we teach music theory? is it still valuable, universal, or apply across repertories?

21M.500 Advanced Seminar in Music Michael Scott

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9, HASS-A

Seminar that develops analytic and research skills in music history/culture or theory/composition. Topics vary, but are organized around a particular methodology, musical topic, or collection of works, that allow for application to a variety of interests and genres. Strong emphasis on student presentations, discussion, and a substantial writing project. May be repeated for credit with permission from instructor.

21M.500 Advanced Seminar in Music: Music Institutions Emily Richmond

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 
HASS-A, CI-M

Seminar that develops analytic and research skills in music history/culture or theory/composition. Topics vary, but are organized around a particular methodology, musical topic, or collection of works, that allow for application to a variety of interests and genres. Strong emphasis on student presentations, discussion, and a substantial writing project. May be repeated for credit with permission from instructor.

Spring 2018 Topic: Music Institutions

21M.500 Advanced Seminar (CI-M): Analyzing Popular Music

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9
HASS-A, CI-M

Seminar that develops analytic and research skills in music history/culture or theory/composition. Topics vary, but are organized around a particular methodology, musical topic, or collection of works, that allow for application to a variety of interests and genres. Strong emphasis on student presentations, discussion, and a substantial writing project. May be repeated for credit with permission from instructor.

Spring 2021 Topic: Analyzing Popular Music

21M.505 Music Composition Peter

Graduate Level
(Subject meets with 21M.351) 
Prereq: 21M.304, 21M.310, or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 

Directed composition of original writing involving voices and/or instruments. Includes a weekly seminar in composition for the presentation and discussion of work in progress. Students are expected to produce at least one substantive work and perform it in public by the end of the term. Contemporary compositions and major works from 20th-century music literature are studied. Students taking the graduate version complete different assignments.

21M.505 Music Composition (G)

Graduate Level
(Subject meets with 21M.351) 
Prereq: 21M.304, 21M.310, or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 

Directed composition of original writing involving voices and/or instruments. Includes a weekly seminar in composition for the presentation and discussion of work in progress. Students are expected to produce at least one substantive work and perform it in public by the end of the term. Contemporary compositions and major works from 20th-century music literature are studied. Students taking the graduate version complete different assignments.

21M.505 Music Composition (G)

Graduate Level
(Subject meets with 21M.351) 
Prereq: 21M.304, 21M.310, or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 

Directed composition of original writing involving voices and/or instruments. Includes a weekly seminar in composition for the presentation and discussion of work in progress. Students are expected to produce at least one substantive work and perform it in public by the end of the term. Contemporary compositions and major works from 20th-century music literature are studied. Students taking the graduate version complete different assignments.

21M.505 Music Composition, Meets with 21M.351 Keeril

Graduate Level
(Subject meets with 21M.351) 
Prereq: 21M.304, 21M.310, or permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9 

Directed composition of original writing involving voices and/or instruments. Includes a weekly seminar in composition for the presentation and discussion of work in progress. Students are expected to produce at least one substantive work and perform it in public by the end of the term. Contemporary compositions and major works from 20th-century music literature are studied. Students taking the graduate version complete different assignments.

21M.512 Advanced Music Performance Marcus

Graduate Level
(Subject meets with 21M.480) 
Prereq: None 
Units: 1-2-3

Designed for students who demonstrate considerable technical and musical skills and who wish to develop them through intensive private study. Students must take a weekly lesson, attend a regular performance seminar, and participate in a departmental performing group. Full-year commitment required. Information about lesson fees, scholarships, and auditions available in Music Section Office. Students taking the graduate version complete different assignments. Admission by audition.

21M.512 Advanced Music Perforance (G)

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9
HASS-A, CI-M

Seminar that develops analytic and research skills in music history/culture or theory/composition. Topics vary, but are organized around a particular methodology, musical topic, or collection of works, that allow for application to a variety of interests and genres. Strong emphasis on student presentations, discussion, and a substantial writing project. May be repeated for credit with permission from instructor.

21M.512 Advanced Music Perforance (G)

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 3-0-9
HASS-A, CI-M

Seminar that develops analytic and research skills in music history/culture or theory/composition. Topics vary, but are organized around a particular methodology, musical topic, or collection of works, that allow for application to a variety of interests and genres. Strong emphasis on student presentations, discussion, and a substantial writing project. May be repeated for credit with permission from instructor.

21M.512 Advanced Music Performace (G)

Graduate Level
(Subject meets with 21M.480) 
Prereq: None 
Units: 1-2-3

Synchronous instruction hours arranged

Designed for students who demonstrate considerable technical and musical skills and who wish to develop them through intensive private study. Students must take a weekly lesson, attend a regular performance seminar, and participate in a departmental performing group. Full-year commitment required. Information about lesson fees, scholarships, and auditions available in Music Section Office. Students taking the graduate version complete different assignments.

21M.512 (G) Advanced Music Performance Meets with 21M.480 Marcus

Graduate Level
(Subject meets with 21M.480) 
Prereq: None 
Units: 1-2-3 

Designed for students who demonstrate considerable technical and musical skills and who wish to develop them through intensive private study. Students must take a weekly lesson, attend a regular performance seminar, and participate in a departmental performing group. Full-year commitment required. Information about lesson fees, scholarships, and auditions available in Music Section Office. Students taking the graduate version complete different assignments. Admission by audition.

21M.512 Advance Music Performance

Graduate Level
(Subject meets with 21M.480) 
Prereq: None 
Units: 1-2-3

Synchronous instruction hours arranged

Designed for students who demonstrate considerable technical and musical skills and who wish to develop them through intensive private study. Students must take a weekly lesson, attend a regular performance seminar, and participate in a departmental performing group. Full-year commitment required. Information about lesson fees, scholarships, and auditions available in Music Section Office. Students taking the graduate version complete different assignments.

21M.515 (G) Vocal Repetoire and Performance Kerry

Graduate Level
(Subject meets with 21M.410) 
Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-3 

For the singer and/or pianist interested in collaborative study of solo vocal performance. Historical study of the repertoire includes listening assignments of representative French, German, Italian, and English works as sung by noted vocal artists of the genre. Topics include diction as facilitated by the study of the International Phonetic Alphabet; performance and audition techniques; and study of body awareness and alignment through the Alexander Technique and yoga. Admission by audition. Emerson Vocal Scholars contact department.

21M.515 Conducting and Score-Reading (G)

(Subject meets with 21M.423) 
Graduate version
Prereq: None. Coreq: Participation in ensemble for vocalists 
Units: 3-0-3

For the singer and/or pianist interested in collaborative study of solo vocal performance. Historical study of the repertoire includes listening assignments of representative French, German, Italian, and English works as sung by noted vocal artists of the genre. Topics include diction as facilitated by the study of the International Phonetic Alphabet; performance and audition techniques; and study of body awareness and alignment through the Alexander Technique and yoga. Admission by audition; Emerson Vocal Scholars contact department.

21M.515 Vocal Repertoire and Performance Adam

Graduate Level
(Subject meets with 21M.410) 
Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-3 

For the singer and/or pianist interested in collaborative study of solo vocal performance. Historical study of the repertoire includes listening assignments of representative French, German, Italian, and English works as sung by noted vocal artists of the genre. Topics include diction as facilitated by the study of the International Phonetic Alphabet; performance and audition techniques; and study of body awareness and alignment through the Alexander Technique and yoga. Admission by audition. Emerson Vocal Scholars contact department.

21M.515 Vocal Repertoire and Performance (G)

Graduate Level
(Subject meets with 21M.410) 
Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-3 

For the singer and/or pianist interested in collaborative study of solo vocal performance. Historical study of the repertoire includes listening assignments of representative French, German, Italian, and English works as sung by noted vocal artists of the genre. Topics include diction as facilitated by the study of the International Phonetic Alphabet; performance and audition techniques; and study of body awareness and alignment through the Alexander Technique and yoga. Emerson Vocal Scholars contact department.

21M.525 (G) Emerson Solo Recital Marcus
21M.525 Emerson Scholars Solo Recital Marcus

Graduate Level
(Subject meets with 21M.490) 
Prereq: None 
Units: 1-2-3 

Emerson Scholars may receive credit for a solo spring recital that has been prepared with and approved by the private teacher and the Emerson Private Studies Committee. Approval based on evidence of readiness shown in first term master classes. Restricted to Emerson Scholars.

21M.525 Emerson Solo Recital (G)
21M.531 Independent Study in Music

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units arranged

Open to qualified students who wish to pursue independent studies or projects with members of the Music Section. Projects require prior approval by the Music and Theater Arts Chair.

21M.533 Independent Study in Music

Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units arranged [P/D/F]

Open to qualified students who wish to pursue independent studies or projects with members of the Music Section. Projects require prior approval by the Music and Theater Arts Chair.

21M.580 Musical Aesthetics and Media Technology

Graduate Level
(Same subject as MAS.825[J]) 
Prereq: Permission of instructor 
Units: 3-3-3 

In-depth exploration of contemporary concepts in music and media. Studies recent music that uses advanced technology, and the artistic motivations and concerns implied by the new media. Practical experience with computer music technology, including MIDI and post-MIDI systems. Special emphasis on the interactive systems for professionals as well as amateurs. Midterm paper and term project required.

21M.581 Projects in Media and Music

Graduate Level
(Same subject as MAS.826[J]) 
Prereq: MAS.825J
Units: 3-3-6 

Current computer music concepts and practice. Project-based work on research or production projects using the Media Lab's computer music, interactive, and media resources. Requires significant studio work and a term project. Projects based on class interests and skills, and may be individually or group-based. May be repeated for credit with permission of instructor.

21M.ThT Pre-thesis Tutorial

Graduate Level
(Subject meets with 6.809[J], 21M.385[J]) 
Prereq: None 
Units: 3-0-9 
URL: http://musictech.mit.edu/ims 

Explores audio synthesis, musical structure, human computer interaction (HCI), and visual presentation for the creation of interactive musical experiences. Topics include audio synthesis; mixing and looping; MIDI sequencing; generative composition; motion sensors; music games; and graphics for UI, visualization, and aesthetics. Includes weekly programming assignments in python. Teams build an original, dynamic, and engaging interactive music system for their final project. Limited to 18.

21M.ThU Thesis

Prereq: 21M.THT
Units arranged

Completion of work on senior major thesis in Music or Theater Arts under supervision of a faculty tutor. Includes oral presentation of thesis project early in the term, assembling and revising final text and meeting at the close with a committee of Music or Theater Arts faculty evaluators to discuss successes and limitations of the project. Limited to Music or Theater Arts majors.

21M.UR UROP in Music or Theater Arts (P/D/F)
21M.URG UROP in Music or Theater Arts (Graded)

Units Arranged

Individual participation in an ongoing music research project. For students in the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Progam.

21M.URG UROP in Music or Theater Arts (P/D/F)